History of the Game of Chess

History of the Game of Chess

The origin of the game of chess can be traced back to almost 1500 years ago, although there is no particular story of its origin. When it comes to its origin, a lot of people assume that the game of chess initially started from China because Chinese version of chess was invested as early as the 5th Century. But most historians pinpoint the origin of the game of chess to India.

Indian Origins

It was said that the chess game named Chaturanga, which is translated as four divisions in Indian, was first played around the 6th century. The early Indian version of the game initially had an elephant piece for a bishop, an adviser for the queen, an infantry for the pawn, the cavalry for the knight and the chariot for the rook.

With time, the popularity of the chess game spread to the Persian country and into the Islamic world, after Persia was conquered by the Arabs. The game was introduced to Europe in the 10th century during the trading transactions of the Persians with the Europeans.

The style of playing chess has evolved too. The Romantic chess style was the popular style that was used from the later part of the 15th century until the 1880s. The Romantic chess style was characterized by quick and tactical maneuvers instead of long-term planning strategy.

The style of playing was followed by other playing styles such as the scientific style, Hypermodern style, and the New Dynamisms playing eras. The modern chess tournament play started in the second half of the 19th century, and in 1886, the first World Chess Championship was held.

Newer Versions

The game gained much popularity in the 20th century, and this led to the establishment of a World Chess Federation (FIDE). With the development of computer and technology in the 21st century, the game of chess became digitalized. From the mid 70’s computers were used to analyze the chess games, where the first online chess game was released in the middle of the 90’s.

The chess board is formerly called the White and Black, but some ancient European writings of the chess game referred to it as the Red and Black. This layout was so unique that each piece was represented by a name which usually appears in the abbreviated form.

For instance, Knight was represented by char, which is the Chevalier in French. The game underwent several modifications to fit the knighthood culture that was prevalent in many countries in Europe. H. J. R. Murray, who is a chess researcher, said that in the ancient European playing style, the queen was the weakest on the board, next to the bishop which usually had a short range.

The result was that the game style then was slower than the modern playing style. It was only in the 15th century that the game underwent a change in its rules and the queen piece became the most substantial piece on the board, followed closely by the bishop piece that now has a long range.

In recent times, chess has turned out to become one of the favorite games in the world. You can see it being played in tournaments all around the world and by people who just enjoy playing the game at home.

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