Russian Domination of the Chess World

Russian Domination of the Chess World

There have been many fantastic chess players from all over the world. Some of these players were child prodigies who attained the level of grandmaster while at a very young age of 15 or younger. Over the years there have been many especially talented chess players coming out of Russia. Russia has really dominated the chess world over the years, with many child prodigies and other great players.

Great Players

One of the most famous chess players in the world is Gary Kasparov. He was the undisputed chess world champion from 1985 until 1993, which in itself is remarkable. He has been world champion several times after 1993 as well. In 1985 when he first became world champion he was only 22 years of age. In 1997 he played a chess game against a super computer that was called “Deep Blue”, in which he lost. Gary first started playing chess seriously when he was seven years old.

He later attended a chess school that was started by Mikhail Botvinnik who was a chess grandmaster and former world chess champion. Kasparov became world junior champion in 1980 and beat Anatoly Karpov in 1985 to become world chess champion. Karpov had been world champion since 1975. Anatoly and Gary are both considered to be two of the best chess players the world has ever seen. They were both world champions for long periods of time and trained at the prestigious Botvinnik school.

Government Influence

One of the reasons that so many great chess players have come out of Russia is that the Soviet government heavily subsidized the game. The push from the government is the main reason chess became so popular. Playing chess was strongly encouraged by the soviet government, which was not the case in other countries, which focused on other sports. Chess also has a long history in Russia. Chess was being played as far back as the 1500s and it has been a favorite past time in Russia for a very long time.


Nikolay Krylenko, the commander of the Soviet army during Lenin’s rule actually took steps to open as many chess schools as possible in the country. The aim was for the Soviet Union to attain international dominance in chess. To this end, Kyrlenko also established various tournaments, and the first state sponsored tournament was held in 1921. By 1927, the world champion was indeed a Russian, and by 1934 there were half a million registered chess players.

Chess became the pastime of the Soviet Union and the government saw it as representing their ideals. It was, after all, a game of skill and intellectual accomplishment. It was clear how seriously the Russians took the game of chess when it was noted that Boris Spasskey was accompanied by several chess grandmasters while Bobby Fisher had only one assistant, during the famous match between them.

The Russians certainly take playing chess seriously and invest a great deal of time and effort to achieve good results. They almost always train at chess schools and certainly have dominated the world of chess as a result.

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